About 200 hospitals are now offering Healthy Baby Bounty Bags to new moms when they leave the hospital. These bags contain products, information, and coupons that support only breastfeeding. To find out if your local hospital is participating, look to see if their name is here, or give them a call.
Friday, January 15, 2010
Supermodel Claudia Schiffer and her husband Matthew Vaughn are expecting their third child, they announced today.
The striking blonde, 39, is five-and-a-half months pregnant and will give birth in May. And she spoke of her joy as she said: 'We are delighted with the news and can't wait to add to our family.
The German star is one of the world's most successful models, having appeared on more than 500 magazine covers. Financial bible Forbes estimated her net worth at £38 million.
She already has two children, Caspar, aged six, and five-year-old Clementine.
Miss Schiffer married Vaughan, 38, in May 2002 following a romance the model called ‘love at first sight’ and the family live in West London.
She has previously talked about how motherhood changed her workaholic life, revealing: ‘I used to work every single day and travel round the world. I worked weekends, I never took one second off.
‘When I met my husband I said, "You know what, this is important. I'm not going to work weekends any more." And when I had kids, I became even more careful.
‘I love being pregnant. You can do whatever you want. You don't feel guilty, because I used to feel guilty about having a day off. And, you know, something really strange happened to me. Before my pregnancies, I was someone who had to watch their weight.'
Thursday, January 14, 2010
At this stage of your pregnancy, you now have nine months or less to change your dog's behavior, to keep his world spinning on its axis, but to graduate him from number one spoiled brat to the loving, happy, welcoming family pet, you surely want.
Begin teaching your dog not to touch, destroy or bury baby toys. You begin by selecting toys for your dog that look and feel no different from your babies toys. This is important, because a dog would find it difficult to differentiate between his own, squeaky toys and the squishy toys you picked out for your son or daughter. Spend a few minutes playing with the dog and his favorite toy. When he is fairly excited at the toy, throw it away, but keep it directly in his view. Then, put a couple of baby toys on the floor and tosses into their midst. Encourage him to go get his toy, and then go nuts when he consistently chooses baby toys instead of the dog toy. Trade the right toy for a treat. Try training as often as you can, at least once a week for a month and slowly increase the number of baby toys each time.
If your dog had never been around a baby, it's a very good idea to teach them not to get excited or scared by the crying, screaming, or gurgling he's likely to experience. You can desensitize your dog to baby sounds by placing your dog in a room with a CD player, or a tape of baby noises. Sit down and relax before turning on the player. Then put one hand on the volume control and watch the dog closely. Slowly raise the vitamin to up and watch this recognition from him, typically a dog will turn his head from one side to the other or prick up one or both ears. Let the tape play for the longest possible. 24 hours will be ideal but if it is not possible, then the first exposure must be in excess of four hours. The more the tapes play over the first two days the better this works. This is the desensitization process in which a dog learns to accept the sounds.
A professional dog trainer should deal with dogs who are truly aggressive toward people and or dogs and other animals. Don't let him become obsessed with the ball or toy. A run in the mornings is a good idea, or the park might work, because dogs who exercise makes far more relaxed and happy companions who are likely to sleep the rest of the day.
Dogs learn that they can get considerable attention by jumping up and grabbing a hand or clothing. Even negative attention such as shouting or pushing a dog away. This can be dangerous when the baby is around because it would be considered playing too rough if the dog is jumping on the baby. To help the dog learn not to jump, keep a container of dog treats just outside your front door. When visitors come to your home they should each put a few treats in their pocket before coming in. Everyone should ignore all of your dog's attempts to gain attention. No looking, no talking, and no touching! Eventually fed up with being ignored, your dog will sit down or wander off. At this time, you or your visitors can quietly call for him and ask him to sit. Then, he can and get treats, but only when he stays calm.
Think about the impact on the baby smells are going to have on your dog. I suggest you get your doggies used to as many smells as you can, including baby powder, the lotion, diaper rash cream, and so on. Put a smell on a cloth, and leave it in your dogs resting area for a day. After substituting in different smells, your dog will come accustomed to normal baby smells.
One of the traditional ways to introduce the newborns to the resident dog is to let him sniff a blanket that your baby has slept on. Certainly there is no harm in doing this, and it will be the first real exposure to your baby. Leave the blanket with your dog overnight.Source
Some recent celebrity births might be starting a new trend - banking their baby's cord blood! Both moms were spotted with cord blood banking kits in the recent past while out and about with their husbands. Not too sure what storing your baby's umbilical cord lends itself to? Cord blood stem cells can help treat nearly 80 serious diseases that range from blood caners to immune system disorders.
Looks like Tori Spelling and Dean McDermott left their doctor's office in Los Angelos with a kit from Cord Blood Registry.
Scott Disick and Kourtney Kardashian were spotted shopping around Beverly Hills while Disick held a cord blood banking kit from StemCyte, a nearby cord blood bank in Covina.
If you're curious about the benefits of cord blood banking take a look at the Cord Blood Education Center where you can take a self guided tour. You'll also be able to see what other parents and doctors are saying about cord blood banking!
*Retweet & Win!
Retweet this blog post on Twitter and be automatically entered for a chance to win a pregnancy belly painting kit by Proud Belly, the Countdown to My Birth pregnancy calendar, and a guided pregnancy journal ButterFlies & Hiccups by Laurie J. Wing. This contest runs from January 14th - 17th, and we'll contact the winner via Direct Message on January 18, 2009. Please include the following hashtag #MSPW at the end of your RT so we can track you! Good luck!
Wednesday, January 13, 2010
Women with a family history of diabetes who are free from the disease themselves are more likely to develop pregnancy-related diabetes, a new study confirms.
And the risks associated with having a brother or sister who is diabetic are much higher than having one or even two parents with the disease, Dr. Catherine Kim of the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann Arbor and her colleagues found.
The increased demands placed on the body during pregnancy can cause some women to develop abnormally high blood sugar. The condition, known medically as gestational diabetes, typically gets better after a woman delivers her baby, but it increases her risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on.
The more relatives a person has with type 2 diabetes, the greater their risk of developing the condition themselves. But little is known about how a woman's family history of the condition affects her risk of developing gestational diabetes.
To investigate, Kim and her team looked at 4,566 women participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, all of whom had at least one child. Ninety-seven percent had never been diagnosed with diabetes, about 1 percent had gestational diabetes only, and 2 percent had type 2 diabetes.
Having a mother or father with diabetes increased the likelihood of having diabetes or gestational diabetes to a similar degree, the researchers report in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. But while having two parents with diabetes boosted the likelihood of having diabetes eight-fold, this only doubled the likelihood of gestational diabetes.
On the other hand, having a diabetic brother or sister increased gestational diabetes risk more than seven-fold, but only slightly upped type 2 diabetes risk.
"The odds of increased most markedly when a sibling was affected," Kim and her team write. And when the researchers accounted for early-life factors such as education and poverty, the risk associated with having a diabetic sibling actually increased. "Sibling-only history may be a greater risk factor than previously documented," they say.
The findings suggest, the researchers say, that gestational diabetes may follow a different pattern of inheritance than type 2 diabetes, which is closely associated with being overweight or obese.
Further investigation of these patterns could help identify women who are at particularly high risk of developing type 2 diabetes after having the gestational form of the condition, they add, "and thus target them for future prevention interventions."Source
Shannon Miller is the most decorated gymnast, male or female, in U.S. history with 7 Olympic and 9 World Championship medals. Now mom to 2 1/2-month-old son Rocco, this 32-year-old former Olympian is trading in her passion for the balance beam to help new moms balance their lives with a series of fitness DVDs and a prenatal cookbook.
How is motherhood so far?
"Our son was born on October 28th at 7 lbs, 11 oz. It truly is a miracle how a baby changes your life. Things that seemed so important before take a back seat to Rocco’s smile.
Everyone tells you to nap when the baby naps……yeah right! You’re too busy doing a million other chores, working or just staring at him. It’s so important to take time for yourself or you’ll go crazy."
Was choosing a baby name easy for you two? Did you know you were having a boy?
"We call him Rocco to avoid confusion and because it’s so darn cute! He is actually named “John” after his father and his paternal great grandfather and “Rocco” after his other great grandfather. He’s a 5th generation Rocco!
Choosing a name was pretty difficult. With a name like Falconetti you’ve got to have something that rolls well. We narrowed it down to three names the night before we had him. We took one look at him after he was born and knew he was a Rocco."
Looking back, do you feel the pressures of the Olympics is too much for a young person? What was it like for you?
"Truly, I think it’s up to the individual. Children don’t always get enough credit for knowing what they want and going after it. Some children can absolutely handle it and others crumble under the pressure. It certainly helps to have a strong support system around you including parents, coaches, teachers and friends. And, above all, you have to love what you are doing. You cannot fake passion.
Did you workout during your pregnancy? Did you focus on working out, or were you happy to just 'let it all go' for once? I can imagine how hard it would be to keep up with your past gymnast body!
"I did workout while I was pregnant. In fact, I was so clueless as to what I should or shouldn’t do during pregnancy that I did a ton of research. I even ended up taping a “fit pregnancy” DVD to help other women maintain a fit pregnancy. I feel better, sleep better and have more energy when I work out. And it makes it so much easier for your body to bounce back after delivery. In addition, it actually helped with my morning sickness (24/7 for 6 months)."
How are you feeling postpartum? Have the 'baby blues' reared their ugly heads?
"By the end of week three I realized I absolutely had to leave the house. I needed some fresh air and sunlight just to maintain my sanity. I started taking daily walks with Rocco in his stroller and it was perfect! John and I also try to take date nights from time to time."
What did all your friends and family 'forget' to tell you about pregnancy and childbirth? Is there anything that surprised you during your experiences?
"No one can truly prepare you for the first day you arrive home with your new baby. The nurses are gone and you realize that you are now in charge. Talk about terrifying!
I got a lot of advice and stories. Many were horror stories about the delivery process. The one thing that surprised me the most was that the delivery ended up being the easiest part. I was induced due to gestational diabetes. It was such a calm and rather painless experience."
Are you breastfeeding? If so, how is that going?
"Yes, I knew I wanted to breastfeed if at all possible. So far, so good. Rocco is a great eater! My biggest issue is trying to drink enough water to help keep my milk up. I’ve also been trying to decrease dairy and nuts in case it causes him issues. Those are huge staples in my diet so that’s difficult."
If you could make one confession - either about your years as a world-class gymnast or as a new mom (or both!) - what would it be?
"Wow, I guess what most people don’t realize is that I am nowhere near as confident or self assured as I may seem. I was never the popular girl growing up. I didn’t know how to wear makeup or fix my hair. I was intimidated by everything, except being on the balance beam. Sometimes, you have to almost trick yourself into being self confident. I learned to fake confidence once I walked onto the floor mat in a competition and realized later that I actually felt more confident.
Being a new mom, everything is terrifying. You never feel like you have things figured out. So when I get overwhelmed I “fake” being self assured. When I’m calm my son is calm."
If you are working on any other project or with any charities, please feel free to discuss.
"I have been working on so many projects I am really excited about. I filmed two DVDs Shannon Miller’s Ultimate Fit Pregnancy and Shannon Miller’s Body After Baby.
I also wrote a prenatal cookbook with my friend, and chef, Jessica Bright.
I have two other fitness books coming out in the spring. One is a yoga book. The other is an abdominal/core book. I call these “To Go” books since they are small enough to fit in your purse or gym bag. You can take them with you for great exercises to get you trim and toned. It’s been busy but it was a great way to spend this year. I have found a passion for health and wellness for women and was able to dive in and finish some of these projects I’ve been working on for years.
In addition, we’ll be holding the 2nd Annual Shannon Miller Kids Marathon on May 1st in Jacksonville, Florida. The event raises awareness for childhood obesity, the focus of my foundation."Source
A growing number of employers are facing boomlets in office fertility. The proportion of pregnant women who are in the labor force has been edging higher for most of the past three decades, and trend may be accelerating: 61% of expectant or new mothers were in the labor force in 2008, up from 56% to 57% in the preceding three years, according to the Census Bureau's American Community Survey. For employers, that brings an array of challenges-from scheduling and planning around doctor appointments, childbirth and parental leave, to enlisting co-workers to step up and fill in for new parents.
Indeed, many companies don't handle pregnancy all that well. Women complain about being laid off shortly after they reveal their pregnancies, or being written off for promotions or demoted. Federal data suggest many expectant mothers encounter problems at work: a near-record 6,196 pregnancy-discrimination complaints were filed last year, up 11% from 5,587 in 2007 and just slightly below 2008's record high of 6,285, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission says.
Some companies, though, are finding benefits from managing expectant employees. The nimbleness required to handle the multiple pregnancies in the short term, these businesses say, can give rise to cross-training and teamwork that deepen their bench of talent in the long term. Companies that deliberately try to retain new parents, through flexibility, child-care help or babies-at-work programs, say the policies lure women back early from maternity leave, foster loyalty and heighten their allure to skilled recruits.
Of course, getting hired at a company where a significant minority of your co-workers are pregnant can feel, for non-parents, like landing on a strange planet. When Josh Ashline, a single man in his twenties, was hired at Zutano, he was promptly invited to an office baby shower—his first. He had to ask his boss for help picking out a gift, says Mr. Ashline, who is 29. "It was a little strange."
Among other quirks, long lines form at the women's room, causing "extra delays with our pregnant crew," Mr. Belenky says. Office chatter centers on nutrition, sleep and doctor visits.
Multiple co-worker pregnancies can be a challenge for everyone. Coordinating staff meetings when all five participants "all have a doctor's appointment some time in the next three days can be difficult," says Denise Towne, Zutano's production manager. And even with all of Zutano's careful planning, nature doesn't always cooperate; some babies arrived early, while other expectant moms continued to trudge in to work every day well after their due dates.
When Ms. Towne's production assistant, Amber Finn, took maternity leave, Ms. Towne farmed parts of her job to other employees. One, a customer-service worker, learned production-reporting skills that later earned her a promotion, Ms. Towne says. All the cross-training "makes everyone more valuable."
Asking co-workers to fill in during others' leaves or doctor appointments can cause overload or resentment. Some employers hire temps to fill the gap, but most handle maternity leave like vacations or other kinds of disability leave, parceling out pieces of the absent worker's job to co-workers, re-assigning projects or putting them on hold. In the best cases, employees reciprocate by planning carefully for their absences, repaying co-workers for pinch-hitting, and making up missed work time whenever possible.
Focusing on objectives over face time and fostering good communication among co-workers have helped Words & Numbers weather its baby boom, Mr. Evans says. The company subsidizes an on-site child-care center; its toddler room is visible from a conference room through floor-to-ceiling windows, keeping family issues constantly on the radar screen.
Asked if his company is on a calendar year for financial-reporting purposes, Mr. Evans replies with a laugh, "We're on trimesters."
Borshoff, an Indianapolis marketing, communications and advertising agency that has had several waves of multiple pregnancies among its 42 employees, allows new moms or dads to bring infants to work for up to six months, says Susan Matthews, a principal in the firm. Participants take a temporary cut to 80% of full pay, on the assumption that infant care will distract them. New parents who work in an open area are given temporary offices if needed. And Borshoff sets ground rules for terminating babies-at-work setups if they disrupt the workplace.
Such policies are cheaper than offering a child-care center and, if set up properly, sharply reduce hurdles to new mothers' return-to-work, says Carla Moquin, president of Parents in the Workplace, Salt Lake City, a nonprofit advocacy and resource organization. Ms. Moquin, who keeps a database on the subject, says she knows of 150 U.S. employers that have babies-at-work programs.
Zutano is among them. Ms. Finn says knowing she could bring her baby to work contributed to her decision to return just six weeks after childbirth.Source
Tuesday, January 12, 2010
Stephanie Shain lives with her husband, Adam, two daughters, two dogs and five cats.
Everyone needs attention. So when she was pregnant with her youngest, Mia, she knew she had to get her animals used to the idea of having a new baby in the house. Because of her work with the Humane Society, she knew animals handle change slowly.
Two or three months out start making those changes, so it's not a lot of changes all at once.
That means setting up the baby's room in front of the pet, and if the pet isn't allowed in the room keep the door shut.
And know your pet. If your cat or dog is protective, try to wean yourself away but let them know they are still loved.
If you're primarily the one who walks the dog, have someone else walk the dog; if you're spending a lot of time playing with your cat every day, make sure that someone else starts playing with your cats.
And if you're pregnant and have a cat, experts say be aware of Toxoplasmosis, a disease, caused by a parasite found in cat feces. It can cause birth defects. Doctors say the disease can be avoided by practicing good hygiene.
Usually the recommendation is to get somebody else to change the litter box.
Shain says taking precautions has paid off. Five-year-old Mia loves her fuzzy house mates and they seem happy to share the house with her.Source
- Keep high protein food by the bed. Most of the time when I'm tossing and turning at 4 a.m., it's because I'm hungry. I've found plain almonds do wonders and if you soak them in water overnight, they are even better for you and easier to digest. I'm also a fan of pre-made protein smoothies or high protein snack bars. I keep my partner awake chomping on almonds in the dark and I often find a stray nut in my pillow in the morning... but it is worth it to wake up without nausea and be able to function (at least for a few hours).
- Catnaps do wonders. Some afternoons I'm so tired that I swear I could sleep for hours, and if unchecked I probably would...only to find myself wide awake again at night. Lying down for 20 minutes seems to do the trick (set an alarm!) and allows me to push through the afternoon and fall asleep at a decent hour at night. If you're at work and can find a place to close your eyes for 20 minutes, even if you don't fully fall asleep, your productivity will increase when you return, making the break worth it (at least that's what you should tell your boss ☺). If napping at work is not possible, then try getting one in before your shift or right afterward.
- Light exercise...Ugh! If you're like me, fatigue and nausea make exercise sound like torture right now. But every doctor and midwife recommends it, so I fought the urge to lie around like a sack of potatoes and tried it. Turns out, it actually makes you feel better and less lethargic! Even a 15-minute walk will bring up your energy and can help with sleep...and light exercise will get all those hormones moving through your body instead of just sitting there making you sick, so your nausea improves too!
- Let go of the "Shoulds". One of the hardest parts of managing pregnancy sleep is the societal norms that dictate what we "should" do. Who says you can't go to bed at 6:30pm? We are conditioned to feel that napping every afternoon makes us lazy and unproductive, but in reality its what your body needs and is asking for. This is a special time in your life and it requires special circumstances...so don't listen to anyone else's "shoulds". Tune into your body's needs instead and sleep when you can. From what I understand, as soon as that baby is born it stops being all about us and we are going to need all the sleep we can get!
For those who say you're never too young to learn, try typing "smart baby" into YouTube. It may give you some doubts.
You'll find plenty of brainy babies who will dazzle you with geography and other skills, their parents pushing them every step of the way. But you might find yourself thinking there is such a thing as too young to learn.
Monique Heller, of Conn., is nine months pregnant. She's already started trying to teach her new baby before the new daughter is even born.
"I want to give her every advantage that we're able to," said Heller. "And to a certain extent, I want her to be prepared for school as early as possible." Heller uses a device called Baby Plus, marketed as a "prenatal education system." The motto: "Your womb ... the perfect classroom."
"I used it in my pregnancy with my daughter Giovanna," said Heller. "And I'm using it now with my second daughter. And the product claims to help babies self-soothe and come out of the uterus a little more calm."
Heller insists it worked for her first daughter. So why not for daughter No. 2? The device straps right onto the mother's belly, for one hour, twice a day.
Baby Plus spokeswoman Lisa Jarrett explained how the device works.
"It plays a sound that is simple and similar to the maternal placental heartbeat. And that encourages a child to discriminate. That discrimination over time strengthens learning skills for life."
Proponents of the device claim it leads to babies that nurse more readily, that soothe themselves, that are more interactive and responsive, more relaxed and more ready for school.
"Ninety-seven percent of parents who utilize this curriculum would use it again, recommend it to a friend, and feel that it has made a difference," said Jarrett.
But Janet DiPietro, a developmental psychologist at Johns Hopkins University, says there's no evidence whatsoever that products like Baby Plus actually help a developing fetus.
"Just because fetuses respond to something doesn't mean that they are learning it," said DiPietro. "Or that it's important to give that sound. So what fetuses seem to respond to most are loud sounds: the vacuum cleaner, a rock concert. And just because they might get kind of jazzed up to one of those things doesn't mean it's either good or bad for them. They just react to it."
We asked Jarrett if there were any studies to back up her product's claims.
"Yes," she said, "there's a study that was published in the Preimparnatal Psychology Journal. It was small. My experience has been with the anecdotal evidence. ... It's been studied. It's just not been studied in long-term huge clinical trials. ... There's one early study... [by] Dr. Brent Logan ... and a developmental specialist in Russia. And it was years ago."
Why didn't it get studied here?
"Well, we are trying," said Jarrett. "We are trying."
Katherine Kranenburg is a middle-class mom in Washington who, like every mom, wants to give her kids every advantage. She has a 2-year-old, Kennedy. And Kennedy's little brother -- not yet born -- already has a teddy bear that plays the sound of a mother's heartbeat.
Kranenburg said she also does prenatal yoga. And she agreed to try out another brainy baby product, made in Israel, called the Ritmo. It hooks up to your iPod, so that mom can play tunes right into her belly.
Kranenburg played Bob Marley. And sure enough, the fetus responded.
But our expert at Johns Hopkins was dubious about the Ritmo, too, because, she says, all that fluid in the mother's belly doesn't muffle the sound -- it amplifies it.
"Which is counterintuitive to most people," DiPietro said. "Because as it goes through the amniotic fluid, the sound gets more intense, not less intense. So when you take these devices and you put them on your abdomen, you're blasting sound at the ear. ... You're taping their head to the speaker. It's akin to taking your sleeping newborn -- because fetuses are mostly asleep -- and putting speakers right next to their crib and blasting Mozart while they're asleep. ... Who would do that?"
Ritmo's manufacturer says its device "works through a sophisticated controller to regulate the output of sound to a level safe for a baby in-utero."
But it may surprise expecting mothers to learn that you have to take their word for it. The government does not require them to meet any special product safety standards.Source
Monday, January 11, 2010
Sunlight is important for our health. In these days when people are afraid of skin cancer and smother on sunscreen, Vitamin D absorption has been reduced. Vitamin D is also vital to infant development, and new research suggests that mothers who are pregnant during winter months have an increased risk of delivering babies with neurological issues. Of particular concern is the increase in babies with multiple sclerosis (MS) born in April.
According to research published in the European Journal of Neurology, lack of vitamin D in pregnancy "predisposes" individuals to MS. The Telegraph reports:
Vitamin D, which is largely gained through sunlight and food, is known to regulate a gene that can predispose individuals to MS. If the gene is passed on to the unborn child, without being regulated by a sufficient amount of vitamin D, it could “hard wire” them to develop the disease in later life…
Professor George Ebers, from Oxford University’s department of clinical neurology at the John Radcliffe Hospital, said: “The difference [in developing MS in Scotland] between being born in April versus November is an astounding 50per cent. This is real, there’s no doubt of a seasonal link. There are different theories, but I think the April excess of births could be linked to a sunlight deficiency.
Should parents living in climates that lack winter sun try to conceive at times to avoid winter pregnancies? Researchers believe this may be prudent if there is a family history of neurological disorders, such as MS, but most women can simply take a vitamin D supplement.
Vitamin D has also been shown to be important in preventing the flu.Source
The new technology, which transmits video images via the 3G mobile phone network, was unveiled at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
Dr Topol, chief medical officer of the West Wireless Health Institute, which promotes the use of mobile phone technology in healthcare, demonstrated the technique by broadcasting images of an ultrasound examination in Sweden.
He said the new technology was designed to send ultrasound videos to doctors, friends and family, but could even be used to broadcast the examination to “Facebook, Twitter and the whole social networking scene”.
Dr Topol also showed the crowd an Apple iPhone application designed to allow doctors to check the vital signs of patients from any location.
Dr Topol said mobile phone applications have been developed to spot the early warning signs of the top ten causes of hospitalizations in the US, including Alzheimers, breast cancer and diabetes.
He said the technology had the potential to save hundreds of millions of dollars by allowing doctors to act pre-emptively and avoid expensive hospital treatment.
“These things are empowering consumers to take charge of their health,” he said. “You know how we check our emails? Next year we will be sitting here with a Band-Aids on checking our vital signs.”Source
Melasma is hormonal disorder causing dark patches in the skin and most often, it's seen in pregnant women.
It's a common problem, affecting 45 million people worldwide, but because it's most noticeable in women with darker skin, it carries a confidence crushing stigma in Latin and African American cultures.
Until recently doctors say there wasn't a very effective treatment for the condition but fractionated laser resurfacing is changing all that.
Microscopic laser columns penetrate the dermis of your skin creating tiny wounds.
Those wounds stimulate the collagen and elastin production healing the spots from the inside out.
"It's probably the best treatment currently available for the treatment of melasma." Dr. Bill Johnson, an esthetics specialist, said.
Because melasma is a chronic condition, the treatment is not a cure.Source