More stay-at-home mothers give themselves better marks as parents than do mothers who work outside the home, according to an analysis released Thursday.
The analysis, by the Pew Research Center, is based on several of their telephone polls, the most recent of which was conducted this summer and included 1,815 people 16 and older. It found that among the at-home mothers, 43 percent rated themselves 9 or 10, at the top of the scale, while 33 percent of working mothers did so.
“In perhaps the most powerful evidence of the cross-pressures that many working mothers feel every day,” the study said, “only 13 percent of moms who work full time say having a mother who works full time is the ideal situation for a young child.”
The Pew study,along with a new Census Bureau analysis also released Thursday, provides fresh details on the nation’s 5.6 million stay-at-home mothers. The bureau’s analysis, which considered census data from 2007, found that mothers who do not work outside the home are likely to be younger, Hispanic or foreign-born.
For example, the study found that 44 percent of stay-at-home mothers are under age 35, while only 38 percent of mothers in the labor force are under 35. It also found that 27 percent of stay-at-home mothers are Hispanic and 34 percent are foreign born, while 16 percent of mothers working outside the home are Hispanic and 19 percent are foreign born.
Women without a job outside the home are more likely to have an infant in the household and have less than a high school degree, the bureau found.
“It makes sense that the stay-at-homes are younger, as young people are more likely to be in school,” said Guillermina Jasso, a sociology professor at New York University.
The bureau’s analysis is part of its study on “America’s Families and Living Arrangements.” Officials say it is the agency’s first look at who the nation’s stay-at-home mothers are.
The Pew study found that 3 out of 10 stay-at-home mothers say family responsibilities keep them out of the labor force. While two-thirds of women with children 16 or younger work full time outside the home, most say they would prefer to work part time, the Pew study said.
The Pew study also found that in 66 percent of married couples with children under 18, both spouses were in the labor force.
The census data also revealed that the nation’s 5.6 million stay-at-home moms represent 24 percent of all married couples with children under 15.Source