Thursday, May 24, 2007

Pregnancy: Tips to Minimize Bitter Morning Sickness

So mom to be! It’s your pregnancy phase and your mornings are no longer good mornings, rather they are bad mornings. Even in the daytime whenever you wake up from a nap after dreaming about your little bundle of joy, you find that you are down with nausea during pregnancy, an uneasy feeling of discomfort. Don’t worry, relax. Here are some tips to minimize this temporary rough patch which sometimes tries to overshadow the beautiful experience of motherhood during pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy cannot be separated from morning sickness or nausea or vomiting during pregnancy, or pregnancy sickness. If any mom-to-be is feeling well and rosy during the entire pregnancy period, she should consider herself lucky but in most cases (between 50 and 95 percent of all pregnant women) morning sickness is termed the bitter part of pregnancy. It is, at the same time, a natural phenomenon during pregnancy so there isn’t much to worry about. Morning sickness can occur at any time of the day, though it occurs most often upon waking.
  • Morning sickness usually starts in the first month of pregnancy, peaking in the fifth to seventh weeks, and continuing until the 14th to 16th week of pregnancy. For half of the sufferers, it ends by the 16th week of pregnancy. It may take others up to another month to get relief. Some women suffer intermittent episodes throughout their pregnancy.
  • The exact reason of nausea during pregnancy is not known yet. According to experts, it is most probably due to raised hormonal level i.e. human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) during pregnancy. There could be other reasons too, such as :-
  • An increase in the circulating level of the hormone estrogen. Estrogen levels may increase by up to a hundredfold during pregnancy.

    Fall in blood sugar during pregnancy.

  • An increase in progesterone relaxes the muscles in the uterus, but may also relax the stomach and intestines, leading to excess stomach acids during pregnancy .
  • An increase in sensitivity to odors during pregnancy, which over stimulates normal nausea triggers.
  • Few time tested remedies to deal with morning sickness during pregnancy, and which are also endorsed by grannies, are offered.
  • Avoid an empty stomach in the pregnancy period. Take toast preferably made of coarse grain with milk or tea on an empty stomach; or a glass of water with biscuit before you rise from bed. Through the day, drink plenty of fruit juice, buttermilk or skimmed milk.
  • Don’t cut out on meals or food- instead eat less but at short intervals. Else throwing up can leave you dehydrated, harming the baby too.
  • source

    Alcohol Use During Pregnancy Leads to Greater Risk of Extreme Preterm Delivery

    These effects are more pronounced among women aged 30 years and older

    Preterm delivery, and particularly "extreme prematurity" – defined as less than 32 weeks of gestation – are major contributors to perinatal sickness and death worldwide. A new study has found that maternal alcohol use during pregnancy can contribute to a substantial increase in risk for extreme preterm delivery.

    Results are published in the June issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

    "Preterm birth has increased in part because of assisted reproductive technology and indicated medical intervention, however, we believed that we could also detect the impact of alcohol," said Robert J. Sokol, distinguished professor of obstetrics and gynecology and Director of the C.S. Mott Center for Human Growth and Development at Wayne State University. "In most previous studies, pregnancy dating was much less certain; but we used ultrasound dating. It’s like listening to FM radio, rather than AM radio that has a lot of static; it is easier to hear what’s being said with less noise in the background."

    Sokol and his colleagues collected data on exposure to alcohol, cocaine and cigarettes, as well as corresponding outcomes, from 3,130 pregnant women and their infants. As noted above, the researchers also used ultrasound to provide specific pregnancy dating. Of the newborns, 66 were extremely preterm, 462 were mildly preterm, and 2,602 were term deliveries.

    Findings indicated that alcohol and cocaine, but not cigarette, use were associated with an increased risk of extreme preterm delivery; alcohol accounted for the lion’s share of the risk. Furthermore, the effects were greater in pregnancies among women older than 30 years of age.

    "Although we found smoking to be associated with mild preterm, but not extreme preterm, delivery," said Sokol, "smoking remains a recognized risk for preterm delivery and should still be considered a problem from the fetal perspective."

    Although there is less clarity on why the effects of alcohol on prematurity were more pronounced among women aged 30 years and older, Sokol said he and other researchers have seen what appears to be a greater susceptibility to neurobehavioral effects and anatomic congenital anomalies in pregnancies among older women. "This is an important finding," he said, "because a woman could have been drinking during pregnancy when she was younger and had no effects, but could be more susceptible later."

    Given that the patient population was 92 percent African American, added Sokol, the results will need to be confirmed elsewhere, using similar methodology. "The baseline risk for preterm delivery is higher among African Americans than whites in the United states," he said. "There are known ethnicity effects for prenatal alcohol exposure, so studying pregnancies among whites would be sensible, yet if I had to guess, I think we would see changes in the same direction."

    The bottom line, said Sokol, is that there is a substantial risk of extreme preterm delivery that is associated with alcohol use during pregnancy. "It would be best for women to just not drink during pregnancy," he said.